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Salt marshes’ capacity to store carbon may be threatened by nitrogen pollution

5 days ago

Deep in the waterlogged peat of salt marshes, carbon is stored at much greater rates than in land…
Setting the Stage for Fuel-Efficient Fertilizer

August 2, 2019

Researchers identify the structure of the Janus intermediate – a principal actor in the enzymatic conversion of nitrogen…
Study reveals unexpected fire role in longleaf pine forests

August 1, 2019

The longleaf pine forests of the southeastern U.S. depend on frequent fire to maintain their structure and the diversity…
Landmark Study Pinpoints the Cause of Coral Reef Decline

July 16, 2019

Coral reefs are widely considered to be the most endangered – and the most rapidly declining – ecosystems…
Thunderbolt of lightning, gamma rays exciting

June 26, 2019

University of Tokyo graduate student Yuuki Wada with colleagues from Japan discover a connection between lightning strikes and…
In search of an undersea kelp forest’s missing nitrogen

June 26, 2019

Plants need nutrients to grow. So scientists were surprised to learn that giant kelp maintains its impressive growth…
In Search of Missing Nitrogen

June 18, 2019

Plants need nutrients to grow. No nutrients, no growth. So scientists were surprised to learn that giant kelp…
Research helps farmers pinpoint high-and low-yield fields, leads to better use of fertilizer

April 16, 2019

Farmers can’t predict their annual corn harvest with certainty, but with the help of new research, they can…
Getting to the root of plant simulations

April 14, 2019

New dynamic model better portrays how plant roots forage and adapt to resource fluctuation. If you’ve ever tended…
The sense of water — and nitrogen: Studies uncover genome-wide responses that limit crop growth

April 10, 2019

A team of researchers has tested how each gene within the genome of rice—one of the world’s most…
Nitrogen-fixing trees “eat” rocks, play pivotal role in forest health

February 26, 2019

By tapping nutrients from bedrock, red alder trees play a key role in healthy forest ecosystems, according to…
Nitrogen gets in the fast lane for chemical synthesis

February 18, 2019

Rice University scientists have given organic chemists a boost with their latest discovery of a one-step method to…
Making ammonia ‘greener’

January 15, 2019

Ammonia, a compound first synthesized about a century ago, has dozens of modern uses and has become essential…
Building a better weapon against harmful algal blooms

December 21, 2018

Predicting and pinpointing which farming practices are most likely to protect against environmental harm is a complex proposition,…
Research reveals ‘fundamental finding’ about Earth’s outer core

December 21, 2018

The Earth’s core is an exceptionally difficult place to study. Its depths descend a staggering 2,900 kilometers —…
Drink up – how your drinking water alters the nitrogen cycle

December 12, 2018

The system used to supply drinking water to the public removes large quantities of nitrogen, a potential pollutant,…
Researchers aim to reduce nitrogen fertilizer use

November 29, 2018

A century later, the global population — and its food demands — continue to climb. Today’s agricultural researchers…
Solving a 75-Year-Old Mystery Might Provide a New Source of Farm Fertilizer

November 28, 2018

The solution to a 75-year-old materials mystery might one day allow farmers in developing nations to produce their…
Engineers develop ‘bury-and-forget’ sensors, data networks for better soil, water quality

November 5, 2018

The satellite images are full of red warnings: Miles and miles of bright red along the Louisiana coast; boiling reds covering most…
Computational biologist Doreen Ware harvests maize tissue for RNA isolation. Photo by Miriam Chua, USDA/ARS
Scientists Identify Genes and Proteins Plants Use to Redirect Nitrogen

October 31, 2018

Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists have identified networks of genes and gene regulators that allow plants to direct…
Alpine ecosystems struggle to recover from nitrogen deposition

September 10, 2018

A new CU research study finds that degraded alpine ecosystems showed limited recovery years after long-term inputs of human-caused…
Corn that acquires its own nitrogen identified, reducing need for fertilizer

August 14, 2018

A public-private collaboration of researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, the University of California, Davis, and Mars Inc.,…
Researchers engineer bacteria that create fertilizer out of thin air

July 17, 2018

In the future, plants will be able to create their own fertilizer. Farmers will no longer need to…
New Test Can Determine Nitrogen Levels in Soil

July 17, 2018

Nitrogen is the main nutrient added to cereal crops like corn, which makes them grow faster and stronger.…
A Steady Diet for Kelp Growth?

June 11, 2018

One of the fastest-growing organisms on Earth, giant kelp can grow 2 feet a day and reach up…
Tiny microenvironments hold clues to ocean nitrogen cycle

April 24, 2018

Nitrogen is essential to marine life and cycles throughout the ocean in a delicately balanced system. Living organisms—especially…
Savanna fires pump Central African forests full of nitrogen

February 13, 2018

The remote forests of Africa’s Congo Basin have long been a blind spot for scientists working to understand…
Study shows wetlands provide landscape-scale reduction in nitrogen pollution

February 5, 2018

In agricultural regions such as the U.S. Midwest, excess nitrate from crop fertilizer makes its way into rivers…
Heavy nitrogen molecules reveal planetary-scale tug-of-war

November 20, 2017

Nature whispers its stories in a faint molecular language, and Rice University scientist Laurence Yeung and colleagues can…
Fertilizers adjust nitrogen cycle of prairie plants

October 13, 2017

Excess nitrogen gives an advantage to early season plants in Midwestern prairies, leading to further changes in prairie…
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