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A steel bridge. Image credit: Max Pixel, CC0 Public Domain
Severstal: Steel Defect Detection

August 30, 2019

Steel is one of the most important building materials of modern times. Steel buildings are resistant to natural…
LLNL scientists use X-ray imaging, simulations to mitigate the defects in metal 3D-printed parts

May 1, 2019

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers, along with scientists at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC), have discovered…
Smoothing out the wrinkles in graphene

March 7, 2019

To protect graphene from performance-impairing wrinkles and contaminants that mar its surface during device fabrication, MIT researchers have…
Researchers catalog defects that give 2-D materials amazing properties

January 15, 2019

Amid the frenzy of worldwide research on atomically thin materials like graphene, there is one area that has…
What happens when materials take tiny hits

November 29, 2018

When tiny particles strike a metal surface at high speed — for example, as coatings being sprayed or…
Researchers take first 3D images of microscopic hydrogen-embrittled cracks in metal

September 20, 2018

Microfractures in metal alloys, though impossible to see with the naked eye, can easily spread when exposed to…
LLNL explores machine learning to prevent defects in metal 3D-printed parts in real time

September 15, 2018

For years, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory engineers and scientists have used an array of sensors and imaging techniques to analyze…
Microscopic defects make batteries better

October 31, 2017

High-performance electrodes for lithium-ion batteries can be improved by paying closer attention to their defects — and capitalizing on them,…
New analysis explains role of defects in metal oxides

September 21, 2017

Sometimes things that are technically defects, such as imperfections in a material’s crystal lattice, can actually produce changes…
Precision work: defect-free coatings for silicon spheres

July 5, 2017

The prototype kilogram – to which all scales are calibrated to – is losing weight. International efforts are…
For first time ever, X-ray imaging captures material defect process

January 18, 2017

From blacksmiths forging iron to artisans blowing glass, humans have for centuries been changing the properties of materials…
CT scans and x-rays in SEAT plants for maximum quality of brand’s cars

December 2, 2016

A CT scan (Computed tomography) is a very well known in medical field – it produces cross-sectional images…
Scientists Found a Way to Store Massive Amounts of Data in Diamond Defects

October 31, 2016

Historically, diamonds have been valued for their aesthetic qualities and as objects denoting social class. Recently, however, these…
Coming to a monitor near you: a defect-free, molecule-thick film

November 27, 2015

An emerging class of atomically thin materials known as monolayer semiconductors has generated a great deal of buzz…
New Technique Removes Defects While Keeping Materials Strong

October 20, 2015

When designing a new material, whether for an airplane, car, bridge, mobile device, or biological implant, engineers strive…
Designed defects in liquid crystals can guide construction of nanomaterials

September 25, 2015

Imperfections running through liquid crystals can be used as miniscule tubing, channeling molecules into specific positions to form…
New Chip Defect-finding Scheme Attracts Industry Leaders

June 4, 2015

Until recently, the semiconductor industry had a go-to method for quantifying atomic-scale defects in the billions of transistors…
Crystal Pattern Mapping Can Recover Obliterated Serial Numbers in Metals

February 12, 2015

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a technique for mapping deformation in…
Live images from inside materials

December 3, 2014

X-rays are a tried and tested way to investigate components and materials. Researchers are now developing an X-ray…
Simulations for better transparent oxide layers

September 2, 2014

Touchscreens and solar cells rely on special oxide layers. However, errors in the layers’ atomic structure impair not…
Wire inspection: As fast as a world-class sprinter

April 2, 2014

Pipes, rails, and wires are manufactured at high speeds. A new optical inspection system reviews the workpieces at…
Using colour for clues when counting nanoscale impurities

March 3, 2014

The ability to locate and count small numbers of impurity atoms could lead to advances in modern electronics and optical…
Laser focus down to the nano-world

December 5, 2013

These images might resemble a planetary surface but actually show a different kind of alien environment: a microscopic…
Street smarts: Monitors watch for road, bridge defects

October 23, 2013

As the state of Michigan looks to improve its infrastructure – roads and bridges – a team of…
Imperfect graphene renders ‘electrical highways’

July 12, 2013

Just an atom thick, 200 times stronger than steel and a near-perfect conductor, graphene’s future in electronics is…
New 3D Defect Detection Fills Important Industry Gap

May 20, 2013

As device manufacturing technologies sizes shrink beyond 22 nm and increase in complexity, defects become more detrimental to…
Flawed Diamonds Promise Sensory Perfection

May 17, 2013

From brain to heart to stomach, the bodies of humans and animals generate weak magnetic fields that a…
Production certainty: detection of imperfections and their removal in a single step

May 14, 2013

Production processes are becoming increasingly complex and effective. Fraunhofer researchers are presenting a new form of laser-based material…
A step toward stronger polymers

November 6, 2012

Counting loops that weaken materials could help researchers eliminate structural flaws. Such technique  currently being developed by scientists…
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