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Immune cells consult with neighbors to make decisions

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Many people consult their friends and neighbors before making a big decision. It turns out that cells also…
Protein closely linked to commonest cause of blindness

February 10, 2020

An international team of scientists has identified a protein which is strongly linked to the commonest cause of…
Blood test reveals infant risk of developing asthma

February 10, 2020

In a new study, researchers from DTU and the research unit for childhood asthma COPSAC have—as the first…
Endocrine Disruptors: Rescue Attempt

February 7, 2020

From plastics to pesticides, it seems like every week delivers fresh news about the dangers of endocrine disruptors—chemicals…
Molecular ‘switch’ reverses chronic inflammation and aging

February 7, 2020

Chronic inflammation, which results when old age, stress or environmental toxins keep the body’s immune system in overdrive,…
Adding Up: Creating mathematical models that help treating cancer

February 6, 2020

A merger of math and medicine may help to improve the efficacy of immunotherapies, potentially life-saving treatments that…
Exposing a virus’s hiding place reveals new potential vaccine

February 4, 2020

By figuring out how a common virus hides from the immune system, scientists have identified a potential vaccine…
A roadblock for disease-causing parasites

February 4, 2020

The threadlike parasite Dirofilaria immitis causes the debilitating canine heartworm disease. A related parasite, Brugia malayi, infects humans and is…
Microsized Bacterial Bait Could Provide New Treatment for Infections

February 3, 2020

Micromotors that swim to infected sites in the body to lure, trap and destroy bacteria could offer a…
HIV-1 mimics an “enhancer” to maintain activation potential but avoid detection

January 31, 2020

When Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) infects a cell, the virus often becomes invisible to both the…
Patient with unusually severe infection leads scientists to a rare type of immune deficiency

January 30, 2020

It can turn the nuclei of human cells into kidney-shaped blobs, but it’s unlikely that you would have…
Autoimmunity may explain why an important immune system is absent in many bacteria

January 27, 2020

New findings from University of Exeter researchers reveal how bacterial immune systems can be harmful for their hosts…
Image credit: Hunter laboratory
With a protein ‘delivery,’ parasite can suppress its host’s immune response

January 24, 2020

Toxoplasma gondii is best known as the parasite that may lurk in a cat’s litter box. Nearly a third…
NIH-supported scientists reverse HIV and SIV latency in two animal models

January 23, 2020

In a range of experiments, scientists have reactivated resting immune cells that were latently infected with HIV or…
Taking One for the Team: How Bacteria Self-Destruct to Fight Viral Infections

January 21, 2020

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have discovered how a new immune system works…
Proteins that protect against joint inflammation identified

January 21, 2020

Endogenous proteins that play a vital part in allergies and parasitic infection can prevent the immune system from…
New clues in understanding how to prevent food allergies by breastfeeding

January 20, 2020

Breastfeeding mothers may be encouraged to eat eggs to help prevent babies from developing an egg allergy, according…
‘Living Fossil’ May Upend Basic Tenet of Evolutionary Theory

January 17, 2020

The field of evolutionary biology has seen its share of spirited debates. But if there’s one principle that…
New discovery on the activity and function of MAIT cells during acute HIV infection

January 15, 2020

In a new study published in Nature Communications, researchers at Karolinska Institutet show that MAIT cells (mucosa-associated invariant…
In fighting gut infections, nervous system is key

January 10, 2020

The peaceful and delicate co-existence of friendly gut bacteria and the immune system relies on highly coordinated information…
Body clock affects how the immune system works – new findings

January 9, 2020

All life on Earth has evolved to cope with a rotating planet which results in the predictable transition…
Scientists discover how TB puts the brakes on our immune engines

January 8, 2020

Scientists from Trinity University have discovered both how TB puts the brakes on our immune engines and how…
Discoveries detail role of stem cell in deadly gastric cancer

January 8, 2020

A Cornell study provides important new insights into a common and deadly type of gastric cancer. Incidence of…
Finding a new way to fight late-stage sepsis

January 7, 2020

Researchers manipulate natural process to boost cells’ antibacterial properties. Researchers have developed a way to prop up a…
Changed route of immunization dramatically improves efficacy of TB vaccine

January 3, 2020

Tuberculosis (TB), an ancient disease, is the leading infectious cause of death globally, yet the world’s only licensed…
Pseudomonas bacteria under the electron microscope. Credit: MPIIB / Volker Brinkmann
Body cells spy out bacteria

December 24, 2019

Bacterial infection does not automatically lead to illness; many germs only become dangerous when they occur in large…
Rectal Microbes Influence Effectiveness of HIV Vaccine

December 20, 2019

Microbes living in the rectum could make a difference to the effectiveness of experimental HIV vaccines, according to…
Solving the puzzle of IgG4-related disease, the elusive autoimmune disorder

December 20, 2019

IgG4-related disease is an autoimmune disorder affecting millions and has no established cure. Previous research indicates that T…
Shifting the balance of growth vs. defense boosts crop yield

December 20, 2019

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) scientists are figuring out how to pack more kernels onto a corn cob.…
Glutamine may decrease obesity-linked inflammation

December 20, 2019

Glutamine could help people with obesity reduce inflammation of fat tissue and reduce fat mass, according to a…
Tackling Glioblastomas: Defeating a Deadly Foe

December 20, 2019

Each year, roughly 15,000 Americans are diagnosed with Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM), the most common malignant primary brain tumor…
Cracking the Fever-Autism Mystery

December 19, 2019

For many years, the parents of children with autism have reported that behavioral symptoms diminished when the child…
New model explains how our immune system sometimes helps cancer spread

December 17, 2019

Mathematicians at the University of Alberta have developed a model that explains how the immune system interacts with…
Family with Two Rare Syndromes Reveals Immunity Glitch

December 16, 2019

Members of a three-generation family in France who suffer from widespread infections and fragile skin, joints, bones, and…
Deficient Findings related to Vitamin D Supplements

December 16, 2019

A deficiency of vitamin D is a common risk factor for worse outcomes in critically ill patients. While…
Clinical trial for Ebola vaccine developed at UW–Madison underway in Japan

December 16, 2019

As of this week, a phase one clinical trial to test a potential new Ebola vaccine developed by researchers at…
Chemists’ calculations may advance cancer prediction

December 16, 2019

When do cancer-prone cells turn into full-blown cancer? A Rice University scientist and his colleague believe there’s a…
HL-60 cells treated with a Mac-1 blocking antibody migrate upstream on ICAM-1 at a shear rate of 800s-1. Image credit: University of Pennsylvania
Engineers Coax White Blood Cells to Crawl Upstream, Enabling Faster Route to Infections

December 13, 2019

When the immune system detects a foreign pathogen, a cascade of chemical signals call white blood cells to…
Study sheds light on immune control of cancer

December 12, 2019

New findings could provide doctors with vital clues about how the immune system prevents cancer from recurring. The…
Efforts to end the HIV epidemic must not ignore people already living with HIV

December 12, 2019

Efforts to prevent new HIV transmissions in the United States must be accompanied by advances in addressing HIV-associated comorbidities to…
Flipping the script on novel cancer therapy leads to insights into lupus

December 12, 2019

In the last decade, scientists discovered that blocking a key regulator of the immune system helped unleash the…
Modifier Gene May Explain Why Some with Cystic Fibrosis are Less Prone to Infection

December 11, 2019

Cystic fibrosis is caused by an inherited mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Due to this…
Researchers find new evidence that a fungus can be hard to find

December 10, 2019

A team of experts have discovered that a common fungus that infects humans can not only predict an…
Probiotics and prebiotics work differently in girls and boys

December 9, 2019

Baby boy’s and girl’s immune systems respond differently to prebiotics and probiotics, according to new research. The paper…
Drug decreases gut leakiness associated with ulcerative colitis

December 5, 2019

A research team led by biomedical scientists at the University of California, Riverside, has found that a drug…
Trinity researchers uncover critical metabolic switch for inflammatory diseases

November 28, 2019

A research team in Trinity has uncovered a critical role for a protein called ‘PKM2’ in the regulation…
Structurally designed ‘DNA star’ creates ultrasensitive test for dengue virus

November 28, 2019

By folding snippets of DNA into the shape of a five-pointed star using structural DNA nanotechnology, researchers have…
How do cytotoxic lymphocytes kill and do not get killed?

November 28, 2019

Cytotoxic lymphocytes are the real MVPs. They guard our bodies from cancerous and virus-infected cells by killing them.…
Technique identifies T cells primed for certain allergies or infections

November 27, 2019

When your immune system is exposed to a vaccine, an allergen, or an infectious microbe, subsets of T…
Simulating amino acid starvation may improve dengue vaccines

November 27, 2019

Eating a low-calorie diet can help you live longer and prevent age-related diseases – and even improve the…
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