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Scientists uncover how an explosion of new genes explain the origin of land plants

Yesterday

Scientists have made a significant discovery about the genetic origins of how plants evolved from living in water…
Jumping Genes Threaten Egg Cell Quality; Understanding Their Activity Has Implications For Fertility And Health Of Future Generations.

Yesterday

A woman’s supply of eggs is finite, so it is crucial that the quality of their genetic material…
New Mechanisms Describe How the Genome Regulates Itself

2 days ago

An organism’s genome contains all of the information necessary for each of its cells and tissues to develop…
Water lily of the species Nymphaea colorata. The newly reported genome sequence of the water lily sheds light on the early evolution of angiosperms, the group of all flowering plants. Image credit: Liangsheng Zhang/Penn State
Water lily genome expands picture of the early evolution of flowering plants

January 8, 2020

The newly reported genome sequence of a water lily sheds light on the early evolution of angiosperms, the…
New compounds block master regulator of cancer growth, metastasis

January 7, 2020

Scientists have developed new drug compounds that thwart the pro-cancer activity of FOXM1, a transcription factor that regulates…
Detailed genetic study provides most comprehensive map of risk to date for breast cancer

January 7, 2020

A major international study of the genetics of breast cancer has identified more than 350 DNA ‘errors’ that…
Agricultural parasite avoids evolutionary arms race, shuts down genes of host

January 7, 2020

A parasitic plant has found a way to circumvent an evolutionary arms race with the host plants from…
Removing body clock gene protects mice against pneumonia

January 7, 2020

Removing the clock gene BMAL1 makes bacteria-engulfing defense cells in the body more effective, a University of Manchester…
Genes and wealth of parents allow predicting child’s academic success at birth

January 2, 2020

You want your children to be successful. You want them to be smart and get good grades in…
Human Embryonic Stem Cells (hESCs). Image credit: Nissim Benvenisty via Wikimedia, CC BY 2.5
Scientists discover molecular ‘lock’ that prevents genetic mistakes when cells divide

December 31, 2019

Research from Queen Mary University of London has provided new insight into how dividing cells control the separation…
Nanopores can identify the amino acids in proteins, the first step to sequencing

December 30, 2019

While DNA sequencing is a useful tool for determining what’s going on in a cell or a person’s…
Motor neurone disease linked to cholesterol imbalance in cells

December 24, 2019

Scientists have developed a new theory on the underlying cause of motor neurone disease, which could lead to…
For CRISPR, tweaking DNA fragments before inserting yields highest efficiency rates yet

December 24, 2019

University of Illinois researchers achieved the highest reported rates of inserting genes into human cells with the CRISPR-Cas9…
Measuring Mutations in Sperm May Reveal Risk for Autism in Future Children

December 24, 2019

Spontaneous mutations in paternal sperm are linked to autism spectrum disorder; researchers have developed way to quantify those…
New Gene for Male Infertility Discovered

December 23, 2019

At least one in five cases of infertility remains unexplained. Malefactors contribute to about half of these cases…
Shifting the balance of growth vs. defense boosts crop yield

December 20, 2019

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) scientists are figuring out how to pack more kernels onto a corn cob.…
Researchers discover a new mechanism in childhood kidney cancer

December 19, 2019

As an embryo develops, its cells must learn what to do with the thousands of genes they’ve been…
When cells cycle fast, cancer gets a jumpstart

December 19, 2019

The progression of cancer has been studied extensively, and the key steps in this journey have been well…
‘Conductor’ Gene Found in Plant Root Stem Cell ‘Orchestra’

December 17, 2019

In a new paper, researchers at North Carolina State University lift the veil on the “conductor” plant root…
New CRISPR-based Gene-Drive System in Bacteria Defeats Antibiotic Resistance

December 17, 2019

Taking advantage of powerful advances in CRISPR gene editing, scientists at the University of California San Diego have…
Introducing the Targeted Anticancer Therapies and Precision Medicine in Cancer Collection

December 16, 2019

While the rate of death from cancer has been declining since the 1990s, an estimated 9.6 million people…
Genetic Variant Largely Found in Patients of African Descent Increases Risk for Heart Failure

December 13, 2019

New study, led by Penn Medicine, reveals that this genetic cause of heart failure, which is now treatable,…
New way to identify disease-resistant genes in chocolate-producing trees

December 13, 2019

Chocolate-producing cacao trees that are resistant to a major pathogen were identified by an international team of plant…
Modifier Gene May Explain Why Some with Cystic Fibrosis are Less Prone to Infection

December 11, 2019

Cystic fibrosis is caused by an inherited mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Due to this…
New tool predicts three-dimensional organization of human chromosomes

December 11, 2019

University of Wisconsin–Madison researchers have developed a computational tool that can accurately predict the three-dimensional interactions between regions…
A new way to regulate gene expression

December 10, 2019

Sometimes, unexpected research results are simply due to experimental error. Other times, it’s the opposite — the scientists…
Researchers identify gene behind spread of deadly breast cancer

December 10, 2019

If your DNA is a cookbook, a single gene is a recipe. But it’s a flexible recipe that…
How gene mutation causes autism and intellectual disability

December 6, 2019

Northwestern Medicine scientists have discovered why a specific genetic mutation causes intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder in…
Gene network sparks future autism treatment

December 6, 2019

A mutated gene found in people with intellectual disabilities that could be targeted for treatment has been identified…
Machine Learning Provides New Paradigm in Understanding Microbial Gene Regulation

December 4, 2019

E. coli are hardy bacteria, able to live in diverse conditions from the surface of a lettuce leaf…
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