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New Mechanisms Describe How the Genome Regulates Itself

Yesterday

An organism’s genome contains all of the information necessary for each of its cells and tissues to develop…
Study sheds new light on how cells interact with their surroundings

January 6, 2020

Researchers from Queen Mary University of London identify novel pathway behind how cells sense and respond to their…
A new way to regulate gene expression

December 10, 2019

Sometimes, unexpected research results are simply due to experimental error. Other times, it’s the opposite — the scientists…
CRISPR-Resistant Viruses Build ‘Safe Rooms’ to Shield Genomes from DNA-Dicing Enzymes

December 10, 2019

Bacteria and the viruses that infect them are engaged in a molecular arms race as ancient as life…
New Function for Plant Enzyme Could Lead to Green Chemistry

December 10, 2019

Discovery may inspire development of better industrial catalysts. Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory…
Artificial cells act more like the real thing

December 6, 2019

Protocells — artificial cells — that are active and mimic living cells by moving independently and that are…
Turning Key Metabolic Process Back On Could Make Sarcoma More Susceptible to Treatment

December 3, 2019

Soft tissue sarcoma cells stop a key metabolic process which allows them to multiply and spread, and so…
Tunable chemotaxis of enzyme-coated protocells could lead to precision drug deliver. Illustration of protocells, called liposomes, that have enzymes (green) attached to their external surface moving through a microfluidic device. Depending on the enzyme, protocells can be made to move toward or away from gradients of chemical signals (grey dots). Image credit: Ambika Somasundar, Penn State
Directional control of self-propelled protocells: The future of drug delivery?

December 2, 2019

Synthetic protocells can be made to move toward and away from chemical signals, an important step for the…
New study looks to biological enzymes as source of hydrogen fuel

November 28, 2019

Research from the University of Illinois and the University of California, Davis has chemists one step closer to…
Enzyme toolkit developed by Stanford lab makes biotechnology globally accessible

November 25, 2019

In 2016, Lenshina Agbor was working on her master’s thesis in Cameroon, analyzing the DNA of a parasite…
New understanding of antibiotic synthesis

November 12, 2019

Researchers at McGill University’s Faculty of Medicine have made important strides in understanding the functioning of enzymes that…
Eelgrass acid produced by cell factories for the first time

November 11, 2019

Scientists are now able to produce a wide range of sulfated aromatic compounds such as antifouling eelgrass acid,…
Researchers Advancing Understanding of Vital Enzyme

October 2, 2019

Nitrogenases, the enzymes responsible for converting atmospheric nitrogen into the nitrogen-based compounds used by living things, have been…
Using nanomachines to help fight the war on diabetes

October 2, 2019

Anti-diabetic drugs may become cheaper and more accessible thanks to a breakthrough from CSIRO, Australia’s national science agency.…
Bacteria can break down plastic

September 30, 2019

In 2016, Japanese scientists discovered a bacterium that can break down PET plastic, which is primarily known from…
Test for Life-Threatening Nutrient Deficit Made From Bacteria Entrails

September 26, 2019

In a remote village, an aid worker pricks a sickly toddler’s fingertip, and like most of the other…
Time-resolved serial synchrotron crystallography captures all key states of catalysis while revealing allosteric transmission pathway between the two subunits of the enzyme. Credit: MPG
‘Breathing’ enzymes in fast motion

September 24, 2019

Researchers from the Department of Atomically Resolved Dynamics of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics…
Strip Steak: Bacterial Enzyme Removes Inflammation-Causing Meat Carbohydrates

September 24, 2019

According to data from mice and African hunter-gatherers, red meat diets shift gut microbiomes to produce more sialidases…
Breakthrough in harnessing the power of biological catalysts

September 17, 2019

The power of nature could soon be used to create day-to-day materials such as paints, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals…
ORNL develops method to customize microbes for better biofuel production

September 13, 2019

Scientists at the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a method to insert genes…
Research shows human cells assembling into fractal-like clusters

August 26, 2019

Tree-like branching structures are everywhere in the human body, from the bronchial system in the lungs to the…
Compound hastens sexual maturity, and death, in worms

August 26, 2019

Every day, people are exposed to myriad chemicals both natural and synthetic, some of which may affect human…
Balance Clue?

August 26, 2019

A gene that can become mutated and cause a rare balance disorder also regulates the behavior of an…
To divide or not to divide?

August 22, 2019

Cells in the body proliferate at different rates. Some divide constantly and throughout life, like the ones that…
Genetic redundancy aids competition among bacteria in symbiosis with squid

August 20, 2019

The molecular mechanism used by many bacteria to kill neighboring cells has redundancy built into its genetic makeup,…
Scientists identify faulty molecular recycling as potential driver of Alzheimer’s disease

August 19, 2019

When a muscle or lung cell gets damaged beyond repair, self-destruct enzymes, known as caspases, spring into action,…
Adding MS Drug to Targeted Cancer Therapy May Improve Glioblastoma Outcomes

August 12, 2019

Glioblastoma is an aggressive form of brain cancer that infiltrates surrounding brain tissue, making it extremely difficult to…
Probing the Origin of Alzheimer’s… with Transistors

August 8, 2019

Novel high-sensitivity detector could aid in early diagnosis. A prime suspect in the onset of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s…
First pictures of enzyme that drives new class of antibiotics

August 5, 2019

Understanding how antibiotic scaffolds are constructed in nature can help scientists prospect for new classes of antibiotics through…
Setting the Stage for Fuel-Efficient Fertilizer

August 2, 2019

Researchers identify the structure of the Janus intermediate – a principal actor in the enzymatic conversion of nitrogen…
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