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Cellular aging is linked to structural changes in the brain

September 26, 2019

Telomeres are the protective caps of our chromosomes and play a central role in the ageing process. Shorter…
A Child’s Shattered Chromosomes Illustrate the Value of Supportive Therapies

September 23, 2019

To a trained eye, the chromosome chart (karyotype) above has 4 irregularities, circled in red. They’re chromosome pairs…
Chromosome structure inspires intricate works of art

August 2, 2019

A collaboration between a Virginia Tech entomology professor, art professor, and computer science professor working in biophysics has…
Unraveling links to possible origins, better treatment for genetic disorders

July 30, 2019

New tool designed at MU will allow scientists to study a detailed view of the interaction between genes,…
Common feature of cancer cells may also be their Achilles’ heel

July 29, 2019

In a study using yeast cells and data from cancer cell lines, Johns Hopkins University scientists report finding a potential…
Researchers probe cell division defects to gain insight into cancer

July 9, 2019

From bugs to plants to animals, for all living things to grow they must create more cells. To…
Archaeological mystery solved with modern genetics

June 21, 2019

Researchers at the University of Tokyo conducted a census of the Japanese population around 2,500 years ago using…
Landmark study signals shift in thinking about stem cell differentiation

June 21, 2019

A pioneering new study led by Florida State University biologists could fundamentally change our understanding of how embryonic…
FISH Gets Worm

May 31, 2019

3D genome structure imaging technique expands into study of whole organisms. In the image below, worm DNA glows…
Synthetic E. coli pushes the limits of gene synthesis

May 28, 2019

Designing and building organisms from scratch could be the Holy Grail of synthetic biology. It therefore comes as…
Researchers sequence the genome’s elusive centromere

May 15, 2019

Though much of the human genome has been sequenced and assembled, scientists have hit road blocks trying to…
New Doctors’ DNA Ages 6 Times Faster Than Normal in First Year

May 15, 2019

A new study finds that the long work hours of an intern’s first year of medical residency are…
Measuring chromosome imbalance could clarify cancer prognosis

May 14, 2019

Most human cells have 23 pairs of chromosomes. Any deviation from this number can be fatal for cells,…
Molecular switch for the X chromosome

April 17, 2019

A large number of genes have to be switched on or off at different times during development. A…
DNA puzzle uncovers rare chromosome defects

February 15, 2019

Using puzzle pieces from four different DNA analyses, researchers at Karolinska Institutet have been able to map three…
Male Y chromosomes not ‘genetic wastelands’

February 12, 2019

When researchers say they have sequenced the human genome, there is a caveat to this statement: a lot…
Could higher levels of testosterone hold the key to slower ageing?

January 30, 2019

A new study of older men carried out by The University of Western Australia has found there is…
What makes a species different?

January 9, 2019

Most evolutionary biologists distinguish one species from another based on reproductivity: members of different species either won’t or…
Finding the first male chromosome

December 20, 2018

Experts studying the evolutionary differentiation of organisms into male and female sexes have identified a very small sex…
Sex Chromosomes Hold the Secret to Female Longevity

December 19, 2018

Around the world, women outlive men. This is true in sickness and in health, in war and in…
Genetic Predictors of Lifespan Studied in Whites and Asians Don’t Apply to Black Youth

October 1, 2018

Protective caps at the ends of our chromosomes called telomeres protect our cells’ genomic information but shorten each…
Genome Duplication Drives Evolution of Species

September 25, 2018

Polyploid plants have a duplicate set of chromosomes. As a result, large-scale genetic changes are therefore possible in…
Sex determined by a single base alteration in DNA

September 12, 2018

Fishing has long been the core industry in the area surrounding Lake Hamana. However, at the Fisheries Laboratory,…
Land use and pollution shift female-to-male ratios in snapping turtles, raising conservation concerns

September 11, 2018

Most of us know that our biological sex is decided by the pairing of X and Y chromosomes…
Tissue architecture affects chromosome segregation

August 27, 2018

All growth and reproduction relies on a cell’s ability to replicate its chromosomes and produce accurate copies of itself.…
First study of its kind observes the power struggle of chromosomes to survive

July 30, 2018

Biology researchers from the University of Southampton have brought us a step closer to fully understanding how we…
Breakthrough could impact cancer, ageing and heart disease

July 23, 2018

A team of Sydney scientists has made a ground-breaking discovery in telomere biology, with implications for conditions ranging…
Genome’s gyrations fit right into Rice University model

July 11, 2018

The nuclei of cells are never static, even when the chromosomes they contain appear to be at rest.…
Turtle and bird genomes provide tantalizing clues to dinosaur genomics

May 22, 2018

Exploring the genome of an animal that’s been extinct for 65 million years has its challenges. But studying…
Scientists discover gene controlling genetic recombination rates

April 26, 2018

Genetics is a crapshoot. During sexual reproduction, genes from both the mother and the father mix and mingle…
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