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Understanding and preventing heart disease

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Posted June 27, 2019

Thousands of people perish due to heart disease annually. Knowing what it is and ways to prevent it is the ticket to a long healthy life.

Free image via Pixabay

The human heart is an interesting part of the body.

In an embryo, it’s the first functioning organ that develops. It begins to pump blood about three weeks after development. It’s a muscle that dispenses blood to the whole body uninterrupted for a lifetime. The heart is not well considered of…until it doesn’t function properly. Heart disease frequently includes the blood vessels too. Cardiovascular disease is the main term used to describe all diseases affecting the heart or the blood vessels. This heart and blood vessels diseases are the main cause of death globally. In the U.S. 800,000 lives are lost every year due to heart disease. This makes up to almost a third of all yearly deaths in the country.

To some good news, in recent years the diseases of the heart have gone downwards. Up to 90% of cardiovascular diseases have been estimated to be preventable. Choosing a healthy lifestyle can avoid and manage many forms of heart disease.

Types of heart diseases

Heart diseases happen in countless forms. They are:

– Coronary heart disease (or coronary artery disease) -in this condition the blood vessels may become narrow or block fully leading to a heart attack, chest pains(angina) or stroke.

– Heart attack (or myocardial infarction)

– Unexpected cardiac arrest

– Arrhythmia – the heart beats are abnormal

Endocarditis – an infection affecting the heart

– Matters affecting the heart valve

– Heart failure – it’s a long term condition that gets worse with time

– Congenital heart problems (defects present from birth)

Controlling diseases of the heart

Older people are not the only ones affected by heart diseases. A healthy diet from an early age cuts the risk of a heart attack significantly. Constant examination and testing are important. High blood cholesterol and type 2 diabetes are notable factors for heart disease. They are more among the young. Testing for this should commence early. High blood pressure affects also other parts of your health. Sexual dysfunction, kidney disease, and stroke are among diseases affected by high blood pressure. Healthy life, regular checkup, and proper prescription will reduce the risk. Smoking also damages the arteries, so stop smoking.

Importance of being physically active

The best way to fight heart disease is by staying active. A professional from the Cardiovascular Performance Program at Massachusetts General Hospital suggests exercise as short and long term insurance policy. One exercising session will protect the cardiovascular system for several hours. It is also a way to train the heart to be more enduring. Exercise makes the heart muscles more efficient thus more blood flow controlling blood pressure.

Good Diet

Sugar among fats damages the vessels that aid the heart muscle. Omega-3 fatty acids from foods and fishes are good for the heart. Nuts raise the “good” cholesterol while herbs have anti-inflammatory effects. Fiber-rich foods like berries are also healthy for the heart. Red grapes, vegetables, and avocados are also a good recommendation.

In conclusion

The steps listed above will significantly reduce the risk of heart disease. Healthy diets, good weight and staying physical will effectively help manage heart disease.

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