You probably heard that the world is facing a problem of overpopulation. And it is entirely true – soon we may have too many people to feed. But a new study presented at European Congress on Obesity in Vienna revealed that the percentage of obese people by 2045 will rise 14 % recorded last year to 22 %. Similarly, the share of population with type 2 diabetes will rise from 9 to 12 %.
The world is getting fat and it is extremely worrying. Scientists have calculated that in order to keep the spread of type 2 diabetes at bay we are supposed to reduce the percentage of obese people from 14 to 10 %. Obviously, type 2 diabetes is closely linked to poor lifestyle choices. That is why scientists collected data from all countries (BMI, age and so one) using WHO database and applied diabetes risk factors for each age and BMI groups. This allowed predicting type 2 diabetes spread at 2045.
Healthcare systems pretty much around the world are spending huge funds on treating type 2 diabetes – a totally preventable condition. Scientists say that immediate steps are not going to bring a quick result, but they still should be taken. In some countries epidemic of obesity is worse than in others. For example, currently 32 % of UK’s population is obese, but by 2045 this number will be around 48 %. In the same period of time the number of people with type 2 diabetes will rise from 10.2% to 12.6%. And so you can imagine how big the burden on the healthcare system is going to be. Then in other parts of the world the problem with obesity is not going to get that much bigger. But remember that overpopulation and various disease outbreaks together with climate change are the huge challenges to tackle, which can render the fight against obesity very difficult.
However, the future is not written in the stone – quick changes could at least partly slow the down this alarming trend. Dr Alan Moses, one of the authors of the study, said: “Developing effective global programmes to reduce obesity offer the best opportunity to slow or stabilise the unsustainable prevalence of diabetes. The first step must be the recognition of the challenge that obesity presents and the mobilisation of social service and disease prevention resources to slow the progression of these two conditions”.
Even though the problem is truly global, local actions are needed. Each country should set goals and promote healthy eating and exercising programs. Especially between young people who may form the generation of obese and sick individuals.