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How the brain learns a second language is focus of Vanderbilt study

Posted April 27, 2018

Vanderbilt University has received a four-year, $552,273 grant from the National Science Foundation to fund an exciting new research project that will examine how the brain learns a second language.

“Collaborative Research: NSF/SBE-BSF: The neural mechanisms of language transfer to morphological learning” is led by principal investigator James R. Booth, professor of psychology and human development. He is a nationally recognized leader in the field of neuroimaging whose work has shed new light on how the brain functions in children and adults when developing language, reading and math skills.

The project will evaluate brain function in native English speakers and native Hebrew speakers as they learn new words in a novel language the investigators will create. The language will share features with both English and Hebrew. Using functional brain imaging (fMRI), the investigators will seek to understand how the shared features facilitate learning the novel language, and whether learning familiar and unfamiliar language features uses different brain systems.

“Half of the world is functionally bilingual, yet high levels of proficiency of foreign languages is lacking,” said Booth, who holds the Patricia and Rodes Hart Chair at Vanderbilt’s Peabody College of education and human development. “Currently there are no programs that tailor second-language instruction to the nature of the first language.”

Booth believes that by understanding how similarities and differences between languages affect learning, instructional practices for learning a second language can be improved.

“The study’s results also will inform methods for improving second language learning by determining the ideal amount of variability in the kinds of words presented,” he said. “The ultimate goal is to match the profile of the individual learner to the best instructional approach for that person.”

Source: Vanderbilt University

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