Google Play icon

Limiting lung cancer’s spread and growth in the brain

Share
Posted February 17, 2017

More people die of lung cancer each year than breast, colon, and prostate cancers combined. One particularly lethal form of the disease is lung adenocarcinoma or LUAD, which afflicts both smokers and non-smokers. In many patients diagnosed with LUAD, tumors cells have already spread to the brain, leading to decreased quality of life and low survival rates. A Yale team of researchers conducted a study to determine how those tumor cells manage to grow outside the lungs.

Soon after lung cancer cells (in green) spread into the brain, extracellular matrix molecules (in red) can shield them from the hostile surroundings.

Led by associate professor of pathology Don Nguyen, the Yale team analyzed RNA from patients with disease that was limited to the lungs as well as cancers that had spread. They also studied animal models of LUAD to identify common pathways.

The researchers found that aggressive LUAD cells expressed a number of proteins that allow them to persist outside the lungs in small numbers. They observed that the tumor cells that spread to the brain were able to utilize an extracellular molecule, which shields them from their hostile surroundings. “These occult lung cancer cells have found a unique way to co-opt the ‘brain microenvironment’ and survive,” said Nguyen, who is a member of Yale Cancer Center. The study findings have already led to a collaboration with a pharmaceutical company to test drugs targeting that pathway, he said.

Read the full study published by Cancer Research.

Source: Yale University

Featured news from related categories:

Technology Org App
Google Play icon
83,374 science & technology articles

Most Popular Articles

  1. Bright Fireball Explodes Over Ontario, Meteorite Fragments Might Have Reached the Ground (August 5, 2019)
  2. Why older people smell the way they do? Japanese have even a special word for it (August 4, 2019)
  3. Terraforming the Surface of Mars with Silica Aerogel? (July 23, 2019)
  4. Moisturizers May Be Turning Your Skin Into ‘Swiss Cheese’ (4 days old)
  5. Swarm Autonomy Tested in Second Major DARPA OFFSET Field Experiment (August 8, 2019)

Follow us

Facebook   Twitter   Pinterest   Tumblr   RSS   Newsletter via Email