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Effects of human amnion-derived mesenchymal stromal cell transplantation in rats with radiation proctitis

Posted August 16, 2015
This news or article is intended for readers with certain scientific or professional knowledge in the field.


Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been reported to be a promising cell source in cell therapy, and large amounts of MSCs can easily be isolated from human amnion. Therapeutic irradiation for intra-pelvic cancer often causes radiation proctitis; however, there is currently no effective treatment. We therefore investigated the effect of transplantation of human amnion-derived MSCs (AMSCs) in rats with radiation proctitis.


Amnion was obtained at cesarean delivery, and AMSCs were isolated and expanded. Sprague-Dawley rats were γ-irradiated (5 Gy/d) at the rectum for 5 days. On day 5, AMSCs (1 × 106 cells) were intravenously transplanted. Rats were killed on day 8. Histological analyses were performed, and messenger RNA expression of inflammatory mediators was measured. In vitro, after γ-irradiation of rat intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-6), the cells were cultured with AMSC-conditioned medium (CM). The effect of AMSC-CM was evaluated by measurement of caspase-3/7 activity, p53 transcription activity and quantitative reverse-transcription-polymerase chain reaction for p53-target genes.


Histological examination demonstrated that epithelial injury and infiltration of inflammatory cells in the rectum were significantly suppressed by transplantation of AMSCs. In vitro, the cell injury in IEC-6 cells induced by γ-irradiation was inhibited by AMSC-CM, which also inhibited the upregulation of p53 transcription activity, caspase-3/7 activity and p21 expression.


Transplantation of AMSCs improved radiation proctitis, possibly through inhibition of cell injury and inflammatory reactions. AMSC transplantation should be considered as a new treatment for radiation proctitis.

Source: PubMed

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