Google Play icon

NASA Earth Observatory: Eruption of Calbuco Volcano

Share
Posted April 24, 2015

On April 22, 2015, Calbuco volcano in southern Chile began erupting for the first time since 1972. An ash cloud rose at least 15 kilometers (50,000 feet) above the volcano, menacing the nearby communities of Puerto Montt (Chile) and San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina).

calbuco_tmo_2015113

The eruption led the Chilean Emergency Management Agency and the Chilean Geology and Mining Service (SERNAGEOMIN) to order evacuations within a 20-kilometer (12 mile) radius around the volcano. About 1,500 to 2,000 people were evacuated; no casualties have been reported so far.

The volcanic mountain was quiet until tremors began late in the afternoon on April 22. An explosive pyroclastic eruption started at 6:04 p.m. local time (2104 Universal Time) and vigorously spewed ash and pumice for at least 90 minutes. Lava flows were observed from the main vent. A second high-energy pulse of ash occurred around 1 a.m. on April 23, according to SERNAGEOMIN.

calbuco_amo_2015113

At 11:20 a.m. local time (1420 Universal Time) on April 23, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite acquired a natural-color image of the extensive ash plume (top). Four hours later, at 3:35 p.m. local time (1835 Universal Time), the MODIS instrument on NASA’s Aqua satellite acquired a second view (bottom) as the tan plume continued moving north and east. Note that the second image is at a wider scale than the first.

Satellite instruments also acquired unusual nighttime views of the eruption (below) in the early morning hours of April 23. The joint NOAA/NASA Suomi NPP satellite observed atmospheric waves above Calbuco and its plume. The first image from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on Suomi NPP shows the heat signature of the hot ash in longwave infrared (11.45 micrometer channel).

calbuco_vir_2015113_lwir

The second image shows the same area as observed by the VIIRS day-night band (DNB), which detects faint light signals such as city lights, moonlight, and auroras. In this case, the DNB detected faint concentric ripples in the mesosphere; they are made visible by airglow—faint light emitted at night when atmospheric gases release energy that they absorbed from sunlight during the day—which the DNB can detect. These ripples are atmospheric gravity waves caused by the shock from the eruption.

calbuco_vir_2015113_dnb

Source: NASA

Featured news from related categories:

Technology Org App
Google Play icon
85,440 science & technology articles

Most Popular Articles

  1. New treatment may reverse celiac disease (October 22, 2019)
  2. "Helical Engine" Proposed by NASA Engineer could Reach 99% the Speed of Light. But could it, really? (October 17, 2019)
  3. New Class of Painkillers Offers all the Benefits of Opioids, Minus the Side Effects and Addictiveness (October 16, 2019)
  4. The World's Energy Storage Powerhouse (November 1, 2019)
  5. Plastic waste may be headed for the microwave (October 18, 2019)

Follow us

Facebook   Twitter   Pinterest   Tumblr   RSS   Newsletter via Email