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Sodium-ion hybrid capacitor as next-generation battery

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Posted April 9, 2015
This news or article is intended for readers with certain scientific or professional knowledge in the field.

Li-ion (lithium-ion) batteries, which power most portable electronics today, include precious elements such as lithium and cobalt. As a potential alternative to Li-ion batteries, Na-ion (sodium-ion) batteries have attracted much attention because of the abundance and low-cost of uniformly-distributed sodium.

Composed of titanium and carbon, nanosheet MXene Ti2CTx operates as a high-performance negative electrode material. Using this material, a sodium-ion hybrid battery was demonstrated. Image credit: Yamada-Okubo Lab

Composed of titanium and carbon, nanosheet MXene Ti2CTx operates as a high-performance negative electrode material. Using this material, a sodium-ion hybrid battery was demonstrated. Image credit: Yamada-Okubo Lab

However, in order to realize a sodium-ion battery, a pair of compounds capable of intercalation (absorbing and releasing) of sodium ions is required for each of the negative and positive electrodes. In particular, development of a high-performance negative electrode is indispensable.

The research group of Professor Atsuo Yamada and Associate Professor Masashi Okubo at the University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Engineering, Department of Chemical System Engineering, in collaboration with the research group of Professor Isamu Moriguchi at Nagasaki University Graduate School of Engineering, has clarified that a nanosheet compound comprising titanium and carbon is capable of sodium-ion intercalation. A prototype full cell with this nanosheet compound as a negative electrode in combination with an existing positive electrode material exhibited high-charge/discharge-rate capability, high capacity, and long cycle life, all of which are prerequisites for a next-generation battery technology.

Source: University of Tokyo

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