Annual statistics reporting from the American Cancer Society shows the death rate from cancer in the US has declined steadily over the past 2 decades. The cancer death rate for men and women combined fell 20% from its peak in 1991 to 2010, the most recent year for which data is available.
“Cancer Statistics, 2014,” published in the American Cancer Society’s journal CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, estimates the numbers of new cancer cases and deaths expected in the US this year. The estimates are some of the most widely quoted cancer statistics in the world. The information will also be released in a companion article, Cancer Facts & Figures 2014.
A total of 1,665,540 new cancer cases and 585,720 deaths from cancer are projected to occur in the US in 2014. During the most recent 5 years for which there are data (2006-2010), cancer death rates decreased by 1.8% per year in men and by 1.4% per year in women. The combined cancer death rate has been continuously declining for 2 decades, from a peak of 215.1 per 100,000 in 1991 to 171.8 per 100,000 in 2010. This 20% decline translates to approximately 1,340,400 cancer deaths avoided during this time period.
Progress among middle-aged black men
The rates of new cancer cases and cancer deaths vary quite a bit among racial and ethnic groups. Death rates from 1991 to 2010 have declined more than 50% among black men aged 40 to 49 years, more than in any other group. Even so, black men continue to have the highest cancer death rates among all ethnic groups in the US. Asian Americans have the lowest rates.
“The progress we are seeing is good, even remarkable, but we can and must do even better,” said John R. Seffrin, PhD, chief executive officer of the American Cancer Society, in a statement. “The halving of the risk of cancer death among middle aged black men in just two decades is extraordinary, but it is immediately tempered by the knowledge that death rates are still higher among black men than white men for nearly every major cancer and for all cancers combined.”
The report calls for applying existing knowledge about fighting cancer across all segments of the population, especially groups in the lowest socioeconomic bracket, as a way to speed progress against cancer.
Lung, colon, prostate, and breast cancer
Lung, colon, prostate, and breast cancers continue to be the most common causes of cancer death, accounting for almost half of the total cancer deaths among men and women. More than 1 out of every 4 cancer deaths is due to lung cancer.
Among men, prostate, lung, and colon cancer will account for about half of all newly diagnosed cancers in 2014, with prostate cancer alone accounting for about 1 in 4 cases. Among women, the 3 most common cancers in 2014 will be breast, lung, and colon, which together will account for half of all cases. Breast cancer alone is expected to account for 29% of all new cancer cases among women.
However, the rate of newly diagnosed colon cancer has declined rapidly in recent years. New colon cancer cases have dropped by more than 4% per year from 2008 to 2010. This progress has been attributed in part to more people havingcolonoscopies, which can prevent cancer through the removal of pre-cancerous growths called polyps.
The rate of new lung cancer cases has also continued to decline as fewer people smoke. Lung cancer incidence rates began declining in the mid-1980s in men and in the late 1990s in women. The differences reflect historical patterns in tobacco use, where women began smoking in large numbers about 20 years later than men.
Source: American Cancer Society