According to a recently published report by the National Science Foundation, science and engineering (S&E) employment in the United States is geographically concentrated in a small number of states. Further, several major metropolitan areas within these states account for the highest S&E employment.
California, Texas and New York together account for more than one-fourth of all S&E employment, and cities in California–Santa Clara, Los Angeles and San Diego–together account for one in 10 of the total S&E employees nationwide. The states of Florida, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Massachusetts and Ohio make up a significant portion of S&E employment as well.
S&E expertise is an integral part of a region’s capacity to innovate because of the scientists’ and engineers’ high skill levels, creative ideas and contributions to scientific knowledge and to research and development.