As modern electronic devices get ever smaller, the age of silicon transistors is going by the wayside. Tomorrow’s electronics—such as photovoltaic panels, transparent conductors, capacitors, transistors and photodetectors—are likely to be based in state-of-the-art nano-carbon materials, such as single walled carbon nanotubes, fullerene and graphene derivatives.
Now, Shenqiang Ren, assistant professor of chemistry at the University of Kansas, has authored a paper in the journal Advanced Materials that pushes forward nano-carbon PV technology by showing how individual nano-carbon allotrope components respond to light.
“Silicon has gradually reached its limits with the miniaturization of electronics and the creation of smaller devices,” said Ren. “Low-dimensional nano-carbon materials possess exceptional electrical, optical, electrochemical, thermal and mechanical properties and offer solutions for renewable energy and future electronics. In this paper, we’ve shown the efficiency of broad-spectral photovoltaic photodetectors across the spectrum from visible to near-infrared.”
Ren said such photodetectors could improve the technology we use in daily life, such as laptops and mobile phones, and also could have applications in the defense industry, as with uncooled infared imaging and photon detection.
In either case, electronics based in broad-spectral-response nanocarbon bulk heterojunction excitonic photodetectors would be friendlier to Mother Nature.
Read more at: Phys.org