When California State University, East Bay demolishes its seismically unsafe Warren Hall on Aug. 17 on its Hayward campus, the landmark building’s implosion will produce energy similar to a small earthquake that can be used to study and map the nearby Hayward Fault.
U.S. Geological Survey scientists will monitor the pulse of energy created by the building collapse on nearly 600 seismometers temporarily placed in a 1.5-mile radius around the building with help from hundreds of citizen-scientist hosts and volunteers.
Photo Opportunity August 15: The news media are invited to observe the installation of one of the seismic sensors on Thurs., Aug. 15, at 11:30 a.m. PDT in downtown Hayward.
Using data from the sensors, USGS researchers plan to conduct a seismic survey of ground shaking. By measuring the differences in seismic wave amplitudes (ground shaking) and seismic velocities resulting from the energy generated by Warren Hall’s collapse as it travels through the geological layers of the East Bay, they can infer detailed information about these layers that can’t easily be learned any other way.
They hope to learn the width and geometry of the Hayward Fault near CSUEB, whether it joins with other faults below the ground surface, and, if so, how this affects the seismic hazard of the area. USGS also can use the known location of the implosion and the derived velocity information to calibrate its existing permanent seismic network in the Bay Area.
Large-magnitude earthquakes have occurred on the Hayward Fault, on average, every 140 years, with the last large earthquake in 1868. The section of the Hayward Fault that runs near the university has the highest probability of generating the next significant earthquake in the San Francisco Bay Area. A detailed understanding of the ground response (which areas shake more than others) in this area can contribute to improved building codes and other mitigation options for a more resilient community.