Update: Australian tarantula venom contains novel insecticide against agricultural pests

Share via AddThis
Posted September 12, 2013
Spider venoms are usually toxic when injected into prey, but a new protein discovered in the venom of Australian tarantulas can also kill prey insects that consume the venom orally. The protein is strongly insecticidal to the cotton bollworm, an important agricultural pest, according to research published September 11 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Glenn King and Maggie Hardy from the Institute of Molecular Bioscience at the University of Queensland, Australia, and colleagues from other institutions.
Australian tarantula venom contains novel insecticide against agricultural pests
A new protein discovered in the venom of Australian tarantulas can kill prey insects that consume the venom orally. Credit: Margaret C. Hardy
The small protein, named orally active insecticidal peptide-1 (OAIP-1), was found to be highly toxic to insects that consumed it, with potency similar to that of the synthetic insecticide imidacloprid. Cotton bollworm, a pest that attacks crop plants, was more sensitive to OAIP-1 than termites and mealworms, which attack stored grains.

 

Read more at: Phys.org



45,510 science & technology articles

Categories

Our Articles (see all)

General News

Follow us

Facebook   Twitter   Pinterest   StumbleUpon   Plurk
Google+   Tumblr   Delicious   RSS   Newsletter via Email

Featured Video (see all)


Self-healing material could plug life-threatening holes in spacecraft
For astronauts living in space with objects zooming around them at 22,000 miles per hour like rogue super-bullets,…

Featured Image (see all)


Stark Beauty of Supersonic Shock Waves
Using a massive update to a 150-year-old German photography technique, NASA and the United States Air Force recently…